Date of Paper/Work


Type of Paper/Work

Scholarly project

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Nursing




Roberta Hunt


Debriefing is an essential component of simulation that is used in nursing education. It can be defined as an activity that follows a simulation experience that is led by a facilitator where feedback is provided on the participants’ performance, all aspects of the simulation activities are discussed, and reflective thinking is encouraged. The review of the literature identifies significant learning occurs through discussion and reflection during debriefing. The literature also illustrates the need for research on the process, the environment, the student and facilitator roles, a theoretical framework, and a model for debriefing. The purpose of this project is to design a debriefing tool and process to be used following simulation activities to enhance student learning. From an extensive literature review a model was developed to guide debriefing following simulation activities to optimize student reflection and enhance learning.