Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Project

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Education, Montessori

First Advisor

Amanda Perna


Montessori Elementary Education, Montessori Early Childhood, Elementary Education


Abstract This action research studied the impact of Handwriting Without Tears® (HWT) cursive instruction on handwriting skills for kindergarten students. The study occurred in an early childhood (ages 3-6) classroom at a private Montessori school. Eight students received multisensory HWT cursive instruction twenty minutes per day for six weeks. Sources of data included participant print and cursive writing samples analyzed with a rubric, HWT print assessments, scored attitude scales of participants’ feelings about handwriting, a tally sheet of writing works chosen, and a teacher journal. Following the intervention, participants’ scored higher on the HWT assessment, especially in the section regarding correct orientation. Cursive and print writing sample scores also improved. Participants’ feelings about looking at their handwriting increased. Since HWT cursive instruction improved students’ print and cursive, I will use HWT print and cursive curriculum in my classroom, give kindergartners regular HWT print assessments, and remediate as necessary. Keywords: handwriting, cursive, print, Montessori, kindergarten, Handwriting Without Tears®, multisensory