Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Project

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education



First Advisor

Bernadette Newton


Curriculum and Instruction


The purpose of this action research project was to implement the Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS) model on the playground environment and determine the effects on student behavior observed during recess. The study was conducted at an elementary school with first grade teachers and students. Data collection methods included surveys, student goal sheets, and a web-based application, School-Wide Information System (SWIS), used to document referrals on playground behavior. Results from the eight-week study yielded positive results, showing a dramatic decrease of problematic behaviors on the playground. Recommendations based on the results of the investigation include creating Active Recess (AR) zones that support the PBIS tier-support plan. To continue to provide students with opportunities to be successful with the PBIS model, it is suggested the playground be divided into activity zones. The results of this research indicate that positive behavior management will continue to be an integral part of our school-wide plan.