Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Project

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education



First Advisor

Cara Rieckenberg




The purpose of this action research study was to see whether calming movement breaks lead to a greater increase in accuracy in mathematical fact fluency than cardiovascular movement breaks within our first and fifth-grade classrooms. There were 20 first grade and 31 fifth grade participants in this study. Data was collected through math fact fluency assessments given two times a week as well as teacher observations and pre- and post- surveys. Although there was positive growth in fact fluency accuracy in both grade levels and movement groups, it cannot be conclusively determined if calming movement breaks had a greater influence on math fact fluency. Therefore, until more research is done and one kind of movement break is shown to have a greater effect on student achievement, it is important to continue using both calming and cardiovascular movement breaks in the classroom.

Keywords: calming movement break, cardiovascular movement break, math fact fluency, first grade, fifth grade, elementary