Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Project

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Education, Montessori

First Advisor

Karen Anway


Montessori Elementary Education, Elementary Education, Education


This study sought to determine if the implementation of a cyclical process of student goal setting, monitoring of progress, and reflection would improve task performance and intrinsic motivation in middle school learners. Fifteen upper-elementary children in a public Montessori classroom were selected and grouped according to student and teacher perception of their performance the previous year. Prior to the intervention, students completed an assessment of their self-regulation abilities. All students received lessons on goal setting, monitoring, and reflection with the use of a self-regulation notebook to make themselves aware of the standards, set goals, track their progress, and reflect on performance. Teachers collected data regarding on-task performance and on-task behavior. The results showed an increase in both on-task behavior and task completion, but no consistent increase in students’ perception of their self-regulation abilities. A suggestion for further research could be conducting a study of the effect that intentional conversation and student interviews would have on student self-perception of their ability to self-regulate.