Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Project

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Education, Montessori

First Advisor

Amanda Perna


English as a Second Language (ESL), Education, Montessori Elementary Education, Elementary Education


This action research project explored whether the iPad application ‘Book Creator’ could impact the written fluency of English Language Learners (ELL). It also monitored the impact the application would have on non-ELL students. It was conducted in a public Montessori elementary school with students aged six to eight years old at the beginning of the school year. Out of twenty students, ten were ELL. Data tools included writing rubrics, personal evaluation rubrics and tallies of written output. While results showed some nominal improvement in writing output, it is difficult to assess if the results reflected students settling into the new school year. However, students demonstrated great focus while using ‘Book Creator’ and found the application very engaging. The implications from this research warrant further study into how technology can be used to expedite the written fluency for English Language Learners.