Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Project

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Education, Montessori

First Advisor

Sarah Hassebroek


Montessori Early Childhood


Conflicts are a natural part of life. The study was designed to investigate if Grace and Courtesy lessons improved children’s ability to independently resolve conflicts. The study took place in a Montessori school with 22 participants aged 2.5-6 years. The researcher used tally marks to record the number of conflicts, observations on each conflict, and how the conflict was resolved data collection methods. In addition, observational noted included whether the children utilized a Grace and Courtesy lesson to resolve the conflict. At the end of the morning, the researcher reflected in a daily journal. Baseline data collection continued for two weeks, then two Grace and Courtesy lessons were given, followed by two more weeks of data collection. The two Grace and Courtesy lessons were “How to Apologize” and “How to Share Hurt/Upset Feelings”. There was a consistent decrease in conflicts throughout the study. Independently resolved conflicts increased, as well as a decrease of children requesting help from adults during the conflict resolution process.