Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Project

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Education, Montessori

First Advisor

Jennifer Johnson


Elementary Education, Montessori Elementary Education


"Abstract The purpose of this investigation was to study the impact of extended recess with loose parts play on student self-regulation at recess and on-task behavior after recess. The population for this action research study were students in grades one through three at a public Montessori elementary school in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia during a Covid-restricted school year. The intervention involved 45-60 minutes of extended recess with access to loose parts play for three weeks. Data collection included the following: loose parts play field observations, conflict type and frequency, on-task behaviors tally, and student self-assessments of on-task behaviors. As a result of the intervention, students experienced fewer conflicts at recess and more on-task behaviors after recess. Due to the findings, future actions include trying different schedules of extended recess with rotating access to loose parts and inviting more children to join."