Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Project

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education



First Advisor

Siri Anderson


Curriculum and Instruction


This action research project investigated the impacts of writing strategy instruction on proficiency and confidence levels of students in an Advanced Placement (AP) Human Geography course. Participants included forty-eight 10th to 12th-grade AP Human Geography students in a rural, midwestern high school. Students utilized collaboration, peer feedback, and organizational tools. In the midst of teaching during various learning models (online, hybrid, and face-to-face) due to the COVID-19 pandemic, data was collected using a pre- and post-assessment, and questionnaires to gauge student confidence levels and writing proficiency. In addition, the researcher gathered observations, student feedback, and sample student responses. The data collected showed inconclusive results with regard to improving student writing proficiency. However, 60% of the students reported an increase in their overall confidence level. The data collected suggests that further research is needed and would benefit from being collected during a "traditional" school year when the education system is not responding to a global health crisis.

Included in

Education Commons