Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Project

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Education, Montessori

First Advisor

Preetha Kingsview

Second Advisor

Dr. John Branch

Third Advisor

Sarah Hassebroek


Montessori Early Childhood


This action research investigated the effectiveness of roleplay and reflection among four teachers guiding twenty-four students in a Primary Montessori environment. The teachers have limited Montessori training. They differ in age, teaching philosophy, cultural and educational backgrounds. This study asked teachers to roleplay strategies that felt counter to traditional practices. The 7-week intervention consisted of ten 15-minute scripted roleplay sessions, five 15- minute unscripted roleplay, and oral and written reflections. I gathered data using pre- mid- and post-self-assessment surveys, written reflection with prompts, and a reflection survey containing predetermined questions. The surveys showed an increase in the teachers’ awareness of their thinking-feeling-deciding processes. Teachers also expressed having access to the thinking-feeling-deciding processes of the child during challenging situations. Limitations lie in the facilitator’s ability to establish safe spaces for roleplay and reflection. This research can be shared with professional development entities and school administration to produce lasting change in adult learners.