Date of Paper/Work


Type of Paper/Work


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Organizational Leadership


Organizational Leadership

First Advisor

Amy Ihlan


Organizational Leadership


Ranked choice voting (RCV), also known as instant runoff voting (IRV), is claimed to be a more inclusive electoral system compared to the two-round single-vote plurality system commonly used in the United States. RCV is argued to be more inclusive because it maximizes the number of people participating in the decisive election, and because it inspires more inclusive campaigning as candidates try to earn second choice and third choice votes. RCV is not widely used in the United States; there is not a great deal of research on whether RCV achieves these goals. Through interviews with campaign strategists and expert election observers, this research determined that there was some evidence that RCV was effective in promoting greater inclusivity in the 2013 Minneapolis city elections, and puts forth a justice-oriented framework in which inclusion can be assessed.