Title of Work
Definitions of Fake News in Library Guidelines: A Pilot Study
City of Publication or Presentation
Proceedings of iConference 2020
Fake news has drawn special attention in the aftermath of the 2016 US presidential election. Librarians have played a proactive role in combating fake news in a variety of ways. Nevertheless, the term fake news is not well defined. This pilot study attempts to identify key characteristics of fake news by employing a content analysis of guidelines about fake news from 14 academic libraries. The findings show that the two elements of intention to mislead and falsity are explicitly presented in the definitions of fake news in the guidelines. Other elements such as partisan bias, click bait, and distorted context manifest in the definitions of only some guidelines. No guidelines present the element of the omission of important information in their definitions. This study suggests that guidelines must present their definitions of fake news so that they reflect the complexity of the current phenomenon.
Link to URL of accompanying or supplemental material
Lim, Sook, "Definitions of Fake News in Library Guidelines: A Pilot Study" (2020). Library & Information Science Faculty Scholarship. 21.