Connections between Physics and Music: Violin

Faculty Advisor

Jolene Johnson



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Connections between Physics and Music: Violin

People throughout the world have played or heard string instruments such as a harp, lyre, and violin. Most people are familiar with the violin because they have played or seen an orchestra concert at a point in their life, but most people do not stop to consider the concept of how the violin is made and how sound is produced. For most part, people do not like science related topic therefore would have never considered physics to play a large role in instrument making. In this project, I investigated the physics behind music by exploring the material and changes in making the violin. The violin is a string instrument; it dates far back to the 9th century. Violin playing is most well known to be from European countries. World famous violinists believe that violin originated from Asia because the current form of violin has evolved 500 years ago. The violin ranges from 1/32 to 4/4 which is a violin full size. A violin is made out of wood entirely and the body shaped like a woman. It has two f- holes place in between a bridge. Also has four open strings that are fixed pitched and it is tuned a fifth apart. It is connected to a saddle, position on the bridge, across the fingerboard, tied with peg box at the scroll. The frequency of sound produce is with the slip-stick action to determine how often the strings vibrate back and forth. However, the shape and the material of the violin do make a difference in the sound of the instrument.